Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Finance and Investment Cycle I. Introduction A. Special purpose entities B. Transaction: less frequent, large and complex C. Focus of control activities: authorization of transactions amp; compete of accounting personnel D. Focus of substantive procedures: understanding of the transactions, verifying amounts and calculations, ensuring presentation and disclosures II. Inherent risks E. Lease accounting 1. The classification of operating or capitalized lease is based on the assumption in ASC840 F. Loan covenants 2. Intend to keep the borrowerÃ¢â¬â¢s financial position at the same level as it was when the bank initiated the loan 3. Covenants restrict payment ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When parts of the notes become due: CFO and controller reclassify current/LT x. Calculated liabilities and credits: lease obligation, deferred tax, pension, foreign currency gain/loss, etc. --- try to capture the economic reality by following GAAP 26. Periodic reconciliation xi. Verify number of sh ares: Obtain reports from registrar and transfer agent to verify companyÃ¢â¬â¢s record of number of shares outstanding agrees with registrarÃ¢â¬â¢s number xii. Trustee: handle ownership of bond xiii. Ownership of bond: Obtain confirmation and reports from trustee to reconcile the trusteeÃ¢â¬â¢s records to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s records xiv. Small companies self issue stock by using Ã¢â¬Å"stock certificate bookÃ¢â¬ authorized by board of directors. Responsible person should periodically inspect the stock certificate book to determine if the missing certificate is in possession of owners. (By confirm ownership of shares with the holder of the records) O. Investing transactions: investments and intangibles (3) 27. Authorization xv. High level approval required xvi. Auditing: vouch major acquisition to the documented approval 28. Custody xvii. Negotiable certificate (bond, stock): kept in brokerage account xviii. Negotiable certificate (title to real estate): in the actual posse ssion of client, or in the bank safe deposit box of the company xix.Show MoreRelatedFinance and Internal Controls Essay697 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Finance and Investment Controls Just as all cycles discussed in this proposal the finance and investment cycles are vital to the return of borrowed assessments and the value (and longevity) of the company. Corresponded or intertwined to that of the investment cycle and business cycle, the Finance cycle deals with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to pay back investors and entities that have facilitated finance to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s mission and vision. The finance cycle commences from the initial moments of obtainingRead MoreRelationship Between The Net Trade Cycle1155 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshighly statistically significant. Soenen (1993) examined the relationship between the net trade cycle as a measure of working capital and return on investment in the US enterprises. The results of chi-square check showed a negative relationship among the length of net trade cycle and return on assets. In addition, this opposite relationship was found to be different across industries. A significance relationship for approximately half of industries studied showed that results might differ from industryRead MoreReport About Dynamic Investments, Capital Structure, And Debt Overhang1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Report about Dynamic Investments, Capital Structure, and Debt Overhang Department of Finance National Enterprises Limited Yuqi Gu 23/05/2016 Ã¢â¬Æ' Executive Summary This report mainly discussed findings, methodology, and points from the paper: Sundaresan, Wang and Yang, 2015, Ã¢â¬Å"Dynamic Investment, Capital Structure, and Debt OverhangÃ¢â¬ . The model in this paper showed that firmÃ¢â¬â¢s growth-option exercising decisions and leverage policies are related to financing and anticipated endogenous defaultRead MoreCapital Budgeting : A Important Decision For The Any Organization s Management1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbudgeting, which is also called investment appraisal. It is totally depending on the investment. Capital budgeting is the planning process which is used to determine an organization s long term investments such as new machinery, replacement machinery, new plants, new products, and research development projects are worth pursuing. It is to budget for major capital investments or expenditures. Capital budgeting is the process of evaluating the long-term investments with a view of allocating financialRead MoreEssay about Finacial Mangment Quetion and Answer880 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespreference shares 3. This type of risk arise from changes in environmental regulations, zoning requirements, fees, licenses and most frequently taxes. A). Political risk 4. It is the cost of capital that is expected to raise funds to finance a capital budget or investment proposal A). Future cost 5. This concept is helpful in formulating a sound economical capital structure for a firm A). Designing optimal corporate capital structure 6. It is the minimum required rate of return needed to justifyRead MoreFinance1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCORPORATE FINANCE COURSE CORPORATE FINANCE 2.1 Working Capital Management Sept. 2014 Ir Frank W. van den Berg mba Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam ALYX Financial Consultancy bv, Aerdenhout FWvdB/2014 1 OUTLINE CORPORATE FINANCE FWvdB/2014 Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Basics Guiding principles Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Time value of money + Capital Budgeting Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Valuation of CF + Bonds Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Valuation of shares (+ co.Ã¢â¬â¢s) Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Financial Analysis (Ratios) Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Financial Planning (EFN) Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã¢â¬ ¯ Ã Ã¯Æ' Working Cap. Mgt. (A/R,Read MoreCapital Cycle : A Competitive Market1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesplans (Sussman et al, 2009). Therefore, the capital cycle is a circular path that helps manage the organization s capital flow from the planning stage to implementation and then the capital cycle repeats (Marshall, McManus, Viele, 2011, p. 620). The purpose of this paper is to analyze the capital cycle for proper managerial techniques. The Capital Cycle: Brief Overview The capital cycle consists of three important stages throughout its cycle, which include the planning, managing, and controllingRead MoreA Brief Look at Flipkart1097 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescards. Further analysis about the initial investments, sources of funding and the entrepreneurial life cycle of Flipkart is showed in my report. Entrepreneurial Life Cycle - A Brief Overview: Entrepreneurial life cycle is a series of stages in the survival of a business, from its scratch till present. This life cycle helps the entrepreneur to work in a systematic way and helps him to arrange the rite amount of funds in a rite time. The entrepreneurial life cycle consists of two various stages they areRead MoreCapital Budget887 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmore than 100,000 units per year on average from 2008 to 2009, the latest full year of data available. Property Ã of Ã General Ã Motors Ã Finance Ã Ã June Ã 2, Ã 2014 Ã Page Ã 1 Ã General Ã Motors Ã Sample Ã Case Ã Study Ã Ã Assignment 1: Direct C ash F low A nalysis As an analyst in Operations Finance, your manager has asked you to create an Excel model with a direct cash flow forecast for the next generation using the information below. PrepareRead MoreWorking Capital Case Study839 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRunning head: WORKING CAPILTAL CASE STUDY (COCA COLA) Working Capital Case Study (Coca Cola) Christopher Ouimette, Diana Ramon, Nathaniel Gooden, amp; Jamie Jaynes University of Phoenix Corporate Finance FIN 320 Cliff Merchant October 11, 2010 Working Capital Case Study (Coca Cola) Coco-Cola is a publicly held company that has reported profits over its lifespan. Ã Although the company has reported losses in some years, this has not prevented the company from expanding. Ã Every company
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"To be or not to be - that is the questionÃ¢â¬ (Kittredge, 993). This is one of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s best known and used quotes. Many who use it do not even know what piece it is taken from, or what exactly it means. It just sounds like a cool, tragic, Shakespearean quote to use to sound more intelligent. And that is the sad truth. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s works are filled with quotes, soliloquies, and experts, like this one, that are filled with innuendos, imagery, word choice, etc. One very important literary technique used by Shakespeare, in all of his works, is his symbolism, which portrayed ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s life, time period, and messages he wished to get across to his audience. He also used his symbolism to satirize whomever he wished. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Act III, Scene I, ll 56-69). HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s uncertainty of death is felt throughout this entire soliloquy. Later in it he says, But that the dread of something after death, The undiscoverÃ¢â¬â¢d country from whose bourn No traveler returns, puzzles the will, And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of? (Act II, Scene I, ll 78-82). In this expert the traveler and the undiscovered country symbolizes someone traveling in death onto the unknown after life. This entire soliloquy symbolizes HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s uncertainties of death. One other example of symbolism that is used in Hamlet is a serpent. The serpent, which HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s ghost refers his uncle to, represents the evil and deceit that the uncle used to get the crown. A serpent, many times in literature, represents something that is secretive, evil, and tempting, just as Lucifer, in the form of a serpent was in the garden of Eden. Ã¢â¬Å"Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had madeÃ¢â¬ (Genesis 3:1). The ghost of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father says of his uncle, Ã¢â¬ËTis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, A serpent stung me. So the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death Rankly abusÃ¢â¬â¢d. But know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s life Now wears his c rown. (Act I, Scene V, ll 35-39). And just as the serpent tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s uncle tempted his mother andShow MoreRelated Luhrmanns Movie Version of Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet Essay1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLuhrmanns Movie Version of Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet All hopeless romantics get dreamy-eyed and sigh whenever the balcony scene from Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet comes up in conversation. Juliet stands on her balcony, innocently murmuring about her meeting with Romeo while the very subject of her musings eagerly climbs the garden wall and trellis leading up to the object of his love, Juliet. Anyone viewing Luhrmanns Romeo + Juliet will be sadly disappointed at first to see that theRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s A Great British Author1029 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesborn 6 months after the wedding in 1583. In 1585 they had fraternal twins, A son, Hamnet and a daughter named Judith. Hamnet passed away when he was 11 years old, possibly from bubonic plague. Many believe that the play Hamlet was about Hamnet ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s son. After 3 years of marriage, Shakespeare moved to London. His wife Anne and children stayed behind in Stratford. One of my favorite Shakespeare plays is Hamlet. The story develops with the late King Hamlet appearing to his child, requestingRead MoreMacbeth by Shakespeare and the Cinematic Interpretation by Roman Polanski1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespeoples imagination especially as he had cinematic technolodgy as his disposal ,however his modern audiences would have been more cynical ,in general ,concerning witchcraft and superstitions and would not have appreciated the symbolism as Shakespeares sixteenth century audience would .How success was this film director ,therefore ,in recreating act 1 , scene 1 of Macbeth? Concerning the opening of his first scene act 1 ,scene 1 ,Shakespeare recognised the needs toRead MoreEssay about Macbeth Blood1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessymbol and major theme in Macbeth, Blood is used most often to represent injury and death, but also life. In Macbeth, he uses blood to represents impurity. Shakespeare often accompanies the image of water with the image of blood. The water represents cleansing and purity. Imagery is any piece of language that provokes the readers mind to form a mental picture or image. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays are well known for the richness of their imagery. Macbeth in particular has numerous vivid examples. Macbeth isRead MoreFilm Analysis : Akira Kurosawa s Samurai Films1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshad stayed in the box. His brilliant use of imagery and cinematic techniques resulted in many audiences from the West. Eventually, his films rose through popularity gaining impact on the film industry. In the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, Akira KurosawaÃ¢â¬â¢s samurai films influenced directors with his cinematography, editing style and imagery, which heightened the use of specific angles, transitions, and movements for years to come. Akira KurosawaÃ¢â¬â¢s film Yojimbo is a samurai-based plot with the use of battle imagery by filmingRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Othello2192 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesOthello is commonly referred to as just Othello but the full name of the play is The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice. The tragedy of Othello is concise with ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s other more popular works. Upon dissecting the play the most recognizable themes are the playÃ¢â¬â¢s complex and prevalent ambivalences of love and hate, jealousy, and perniciousness. Title and playwright Ã¢â¬Å"The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice is believed to have been based primarily on the Italian short story Un CapitanoRead More Christopher Marlowes Work and Style Essay1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChristopher Marlowes Work and Style Christopher Marlowe is a famous Elizabethan poet and playwright. Although often overshadowed by ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity, he nonetheless is deserving of attention. Not to dampen the masterpiece of his other works, I believe MarloweÃ¢â¬â¢s unique style is best exemplified in his plays. MarloweÃ¢â¬â¢s plays include Dido, Queen of Cathage, Tamburlaine the Great Parts One and Two, The Jew of Malta, The Massacre at Paris, Edward the II, and The Tragical History of DrRead MoreRomeo and Juliet Adaptations2600 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesideas in their techniques, so different yet only to provoke from their audiences the same response. Therefore to determine which film is superior, you would have to consider those techniques. These range from visual techniques, such as theme, symbolism and colour, to auditory techniques which are just as significant as the filming techniques (types of camera shots and location of filming). Finally the most crucial factor shall be discussed Ã¢â¬ â the audience response. It is the evaluation of theRead More Julie TaymorÃ¢â¬â¢s Titus Andronicus Essay2756 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesJulie TaymorÃ¢â¬â¢s Titus Andronicus Shakespeares first tragedy has been a topic of discussion since the day it was written. Titus Andronicus was staged on 24 January 1594 by the Earl of Sussexs Men at the Rose Theatre (Welsh 1). Though this tidbit of information seems somewhat irrelevant to Titus, we must note that there are certain standards and practices established by a play from its first performance. It is also important to establish the general attributes that audiences attributeRead MoreFeminist Theory Applied to Hamlet2809 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesRepresenting Ophelia: Women, Madness, and the Responsibilities of Feminist Criticism Elaine Showalter Though she is neglected in criticism, Ophelia is probably the most frequently illustrated and cited of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s heroines. Her visibility as a subject in literature, popular culture, and painting, from Redon who paints her drowning, to Bob Dylan, who places her on Desolation Row, to Cannon Mills, which has named a flowery sheet pattern after her, is in i nverse relation to her invisibility in
Meandering lazily through the air, the crystalline spheres glimmer in the sunlight. They are certainly in no hurry; while they have everywhere to go, they have nowhere in particular to be. As a light breeze whisks by, the little globes dance playfully, bouncing off each other while showing off their marvelous sheen of colors- fuchsia, indigo, teal, and at the precise angle, a shade of deep gold. With no hesitation, a courageous leader begins its journey as it merges gracefully into the distant sunset with its followers at its wake. Pausing only seconds to admire, I create another band of bubbles, fulfilling my most youthful eccentricity. Throughout my life, I have remained oddly and unusually captivated by bubble blowing. At the age of three, I would sit on the heavily worn, wooden bench in my backyard, arms laden with colorful bottles of soapy solution, organizing my collection of assorted magic bubble wands. We will write a custom essay sample on Bubble Blower or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page My spare hours were spent filling the yard with flawless, circular orbs of varying sizes, and watching in amazement as they drifted aimlessly over the neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s roof or swirled together in the wind, creating a mini simulation of a tornado. In elementary school, bubble blowing proved to be the obvious source of my boundless wonder and tendency to question. As I desperately stared after the floating bubbles, curiosity enveloped my mind. I was baffled as I discovered that some bubbles could occasionally land elegantly upon the waxy surface of a leaf, thoroughly intact, while most self-destructed upon touching any object. The thought that the bubbles could be captured with my miracle wand but not with my bare hands was incomprehensible. Why were some bubbles able to reach seeming unattainable heights, while others were destroyed seconds after their creation? Even at the early age of seven, I sought the explanation. The wonder bubble blowing once brought me as a child, has kept with me through the years. As a seventeen year-old, I now understand the science of bubbles, but continue to sift through the infinite pool of questions and the possibilities that they promise. Every answer I find is only the beginning of a new question, another mystery, another unknown to solve and path to create. Just like for a bubble, for me there is always more to explore. Today, I am both the bubble blower and the bubble that is blown. Ten years later, I still follow the path of each bubble I blow. With every breath, I put a piece of myself into the world, watch it drift away, theorize where the breeze will take me and when my destination will be reached. In these moments, I am both the creator and the adventurer, no longer strapped to the laws of the world, but wholly free. I long for the time spent forming questions, seeking answers, losing myself in the wonder of it all. I yearn to observe, to understand every element of the world, to find the reasons as to why it can neve r all be in order. I am not, however, a typical bubble. When crashing into objects, I do not break. Although carried by the wind, I do not wander aimlessly, but rather move with passion, deliberation, and purpose. Unlike most bubbles, when veering off course, I leave myself a path to come back to. I always find my way, although not hurriedly. Unlike any other bubble, I am not trapped by the chemistry of the EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere. While in the air, I am invincible.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Roald Dahl was a 20th Century writer Paper Roald Dahl wrote most of his stories for children. This was because he himself didnt have a very pleasant childhood. His childhood affects the outcome of his stories. Roald Dahl also wrote short stories for adults, which sometimes have a twist or they have black humor. Roald Dahl was a 20th Century writer. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a doctor before becoming a full time writer. Sir Arthur Conan Doyles medical career crops up into his stories, for example, in The Speckled Band, Sherlock Holmes notices that the snake was known as a Swamp Adder and was a deadly poisonous snake. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a 19th Century. Roald Dahl and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle were writhers of different times and their lives before they were writhers affected how they wrote their stories. The writing of a 19th Century story is very confusing. The sentences are very long and often have to be read twice to understand. For example; a quote from The Speckled Band, shows how long a sentence is The last squire dragged out his existence there, living the horrible life of an aristocratic pauper; but his only son, my stepfather, seeing that he must adopt himself to the new conditions, obtained an advance from a relative, which enabled him to take a medical degree, and went out to Calcutta, where, by his professional skill and his force of character, he established a large practice, this is only one sentence and now in the 21st Century it seems like a paragraph. We will write a custom essay sample on Roald Dahl was a 20th Century writer specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Roald Dahl was a 20th Century writer specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Roald Dahl was a 20th Century writer specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The vocabulary of the 19th Century is very old and some of the words like pauper, dogcart and frock coat are not commonly used. For people of the 20th Century some of these words are explained at the bottom of the page. In a 19th Century story there is a lot of stereotyping, like in The Speckled band, for example there is a word called gypsies, which in the 19th Century is a name for people who have no homes. They move from one place to another and are faced with suspicion and prejudice. In the 19th Century people didnt have good police service and they also didnt have quick thinking detectives. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle made up man named Sherlock Holmes. The character, Sherlock Holmess was a very good and a very clever detective. Many detectives of the 19th Century did not have scientific knowledge. Sir Arthur Conan Doyles character, Sherlock Holmes, had that scientific knowledge.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
2200+ SAT Scorers Should You Retake the New SAT for a Perfect 1600 SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Did you recently get your SAT scores back and do, well, amazing? If you got above a 2200, you should proud Ã¢â¬â youÃ¢â¬â¢re in the top 2% of test scorers. In fact, youÃ¢â¬â¢re in the top 1% with a score of 2220 and up. (For the New SAT, any score higher than 1480 is likely to put you in the top 1%, but we will have to wait a few months for percentile data.) But if youÃ¢â¬â¢re a perfectionist, you might be wondering, "Since I did so well, shouldn't I try to retake the SAT for a perfect 1600?" We will help you decide if an SAT retake is right for you. Where Are You Applying? The main thing to consider when deciding to retake the SAT is where you want to apply for college. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re planning on attending a local university or a school thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not super-selective, your score is already more than fine and you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about retaking the test. (Your high SAT score will likely be important for merit scholarships, which we will discuss below.) However, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying to ultra-selective schools Ã¢â¬â think the Ivy Leagues, Stanford, or MIT Ã¢â¬â a retake might be worth it. We'll explore the reasons why below. Most Selective Schools (Top 15) If youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for top schools, itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth it to get to a 2300 (or about 1530 on the New SAT) or higher. But once youÃ¢â¬â¢re past 2300/1530, any score increases wonÃ¢â¬â¢t dramatically improve your chances of admission, so you should focus on the rest of your application. So if you have a 2360, donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about retaking the SAT. If you have a 2200, and want to apply to top schools, consider retaking it to get above the 1530 threshold. Our rule of thumb is this:try to aim for the 75th percentile of the school's SAT score ranges.Because the admission rate is so low at these selective schools, getting a higher score can raise your chance of success. In terms of percentiles, 2220 and higher puts you in the top 1% of scorers in the nation, as we discussed above. However, the higher your composite score, the rarer it is, helping you stand out in the admissions process. If your score is between 2200 Ã¢â¬â 2300, more students earn that score each year, above 20,000 nationally. But if you get a 2300 and higher, only about 8,800 other students have such a high score. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re 2350 and higher, only 3000 other students are on your level. So the higher your score, the more you will stand out in a very competitive applicant pool, because fewer applicants will have a score as high as yours. (Again, we don't have data yet for the New SAT, but if the basic principle will likely remain the same: the higher your SAT score, the rarer it will be.) This is especially important for top colleges, whose admitted students have incredibly high SAT scores. How do we know this? Colleges release data about their admissions cycles, including the average SAT scores of applicants. They release the middle 50% score range Ã¢â¬â the SAT scores that the middle 50% of applicants had. You want to pay attention to the numbers at the top of the ranges.With a score at the top of that middle 50% range, you've scored higher than 75% of successful applicants. A score in that range will put you towards the top of the applicant pool in terms of test scores, rather than in the middle or the lower end. Being towards the top of the pool increases your chances of admission, while being within range but closer to the bottom makes your admission less likely. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take a look at the middle 50% ranges for some ultra-selective colleges to see just how competitive they are. Note: these middle 50% ranges still use old SAT scores (scores out of 2400), since the most recent group of applicants only had the old SAT available. It will be at least a year before colleges are able to include the new SAT in their admissions data. Because of this, focus on the Math and Reading sections to estimate a target new SAT composite score goal for each school. Stanford SAT Critical Reading 680-780 SAT Math 700-790 SAT Writing 690-790 Source: Stanford Common Data Set As you can see, if you have section scores in the high 700s (which would give you a 2300/1570 or higher composite), you have scores in line with their top admitted students. Getting to the top of the pool is crucial to stand out in StanfordÃ¢â¬â¢s application process. Just over 5% of their applicants got in last year. Obviously, even a perfect score wonÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee admission, as Stanford turns away perfect scorers every year. But, the higher your score, the less likely you are to get put aside. Harvard SAT Critical Reading: 700-800 SAT Math: 710-800 SAT Writing: 710-800 Source: Harvard Common Data Set Note that for Harvard, since the middle 50% ranges are basically between 700 and 800, the top 25% of their admitted students have perfect 800s. Section scores in the high 700s or 800 will put you in line with their top admits, and thus make your application very competitive. Basically, the closer to a perfect 1600 you get, the more competitive you will be. Yale SAT Critical Reading: 720-800 SAT Math: 710-800 SAT Writing: 710-790 Source: Yale Fact Sheet Similar to Harvard and Stanford, YaleÃ¢â¬â¢s middle 50% ranges are very impressive. The closer to 800 your section scores are, the closer to the top of YaleÃ¢â¬â¢s applicant pool you will be, and the more competitive you will become. MIT SAT Critical Reading: 690-790 SAT Math: 750-800 SAT Writing: 700-790 Source: MIT Admissions Statistics Note that for MIT, their math score range is especially high. 75% of the admits have a 750 or higher math score. This means that if your math score is 750 or lower, it would be wise to retake the SAT and aim for a perfect 800 in math, or as close as possible. If your composite is 2300 but with a lower math score (for example 800 Critical Reading, 800 Writing, 700 Math), you should definitely retake the SAT for a higher math score. Princeton SAT Critical Reading: 690-790 SAT Math: 710-800 SAT Writing: 710-790 Source: Princeton Admission Statistics Princeton has similar ranges to Harvard, Stanford, and Yale. They also list statistics for the admit rate of applicants with different score ranges: 2300-2400 Admit Rate: 14.5% 2100-2290 Admit Rate: 8.1% So while Princeton is still very competitive even with a 2300+ SAT, note that your chances of admission almost double if you have a 2300 or higher versus the next step down, 2100-2290. So if you're in the 2100-2290 range, it could be worth it to retake the SAT and aim for at least a 1530. Selective Schools (Top 15-50) If you're aiming for selective but not top 15 schools, a 2200 or higher is already towards the top of the applicant pool, and you likely shouldn't worry about retaking the SAT. We have listed some examples below of middle 50% ranges for these schools to give you an idea of where your score stands. You can look up this data for any school you are interested in by searching Ã¢â¬Å"[Name of College/University] Common Data Set.Ã¢â¬ University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) SAT Composite: 1930-2250 Source: UCLA Freshmen Profile 2015 Tufts SAT Critical Reading: 680-760 SAT Math: 680-760 SAT Writing: 690-760 Source: Tufts Common Data Set University of Virginia SAT Critical Reading: 620-720 SAT Math: 630-740 SAT Writing: 620-720 Source: University of Virginia Common Data Set Georgetown SAT Critical Reading: 660-760 SAT Math: 660-760 SAT Writing: Not considered Source: Georgetown Common Data Set For all of these schools, note that if your section scores are in the low to mid 700s, which you likely have if your composite is 2200+, you are well within range for admission. If your composite is 2250, with an average of 750 per section, you have about the same score as the top 25% of admitted students. So if you got a 2200 or higher SAT score and youÃ¢â¬â¢re not aiming for the most selective colleges, donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about retaking it. Your odds of admission are already strong for selective colleges. Instead, focus on the rest of your application. Consider Scholarships Another factor in deciding to retake the SAT is scholarships. Many scholarships, both private and University-sponsored ones, use SAT scores as cut-offs. So your SAT score could be important not just for admission, but for paying for college Ã¢â¬â especially at large universities and state schools. Your SAT score can translate into thousands of dollars to pay for college. In many cases, the higher your SAT score, the higher your merit scholarship will be. Check out our post on merit scholarships for more info. For large, full-ride scholarships with separate applications, the higher your SAT score is, the better. Some state universities have scholarships that are as difficult to get as getting into a top college. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for that sort of scholarship, retaking the SAT to be above 2300 would be smart, but once you hit 2300, itÃ¢â¬â¢s unlikely a score increase would dramatically improve your chances. Also consider your individual subject scores. Many scholarships consider just Math and Critical Reading. If you got 800s in those and, say, a 700 in writing (for a 2300 total), you are more than good to go for those scholarships. However, if your score breakdown was Math 680, CR 800, Writing 800, that below-700 math score could possibly cost you a higher scholarship, depending on the school. If there is a scholarship that has an ultra-high cut-off at one of your top choice schools, consider taking the SAT again. If not, focus on making sure the rest of your application is strong, as many merit scholarships consider your whole application. Action Step Look up schools you are interested in to see what type of merit scholarships they have. Chances are your SAT is already high enough for their scholarship cut-offs, and you should focus on keeping your GPA and/or class rank high. (For a guide on how to search for merit scholarships, see our automatic scholarships article.) Is It Worth The Time To Try Again? Another important consideration if youÃ¢â¬â¢re thinking of retaking the SAT is if you have enough time to commit to a retake. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to study and practice for your second time. You definitely shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t just walk in and retake it Ã¢â¬â youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely make the same mistakes and get a similar score, or even a lower one. You need to study carefully, identify the weak spots that caused you to miss points the first time, and work to be as close to perfect as possible. In addition, you'll have to learn all about the New SAT and how to study for the redesigned test. This could come at the expense of other things important to your application, like extracurriculars, or essays if you are in your senior fall. If you manage to get a 1600 but submit a sub-par essay, your overall chances of admission will not increase very much. Also, remember your transcript and GPA are another very important piece of your application. As Yale says on their undergraduate admissions website, Ã¢â¬Å"The admissions committee is primarily concerned with what kind of Yale student you will be. So it is very important that we see a high level (or an improving degree) of rigor and success throughout your high school years. This includes your senior year. If you wish to make your application among the most competitive, you must take a challenging senior program and continue to excel in it.Ã¢â¬ Translation: taking tough courses and doing well matters, especially senior year. If your GPA drops because you were studying for an SAT retake, you could hurt your chances, even if you end up with a higher SAT score. Bottom line? Think carefully about your schedule and other commitments before deciding to retake the SAT. What If Your Score Decreases? Although youÃ¢â¬â¢re hoping for the best-case scenario of retaking the SAT and getting a higher score, you need to think about what your application will look like with a second, lower score Ã¢â¬â which is well within the range of possibility. Some students score lower on their second try on the SAT, even with studying. This could be because they psych themselves out Ã¢â¬â for example, finding errors in the writing section when the answer is Ã¢â¬Å"No Error,Ã¢â¬ or triple-checking one math problem, causing them to run out of time on another. Remember, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re at a 2300, you only have 100 points to gain, but many more potential points to lose. Colleges will look at your highest scores, but in some cases they request that you send all scores to them Ã¢â¬â which means they will have an effect on your application and chances. As an example, Stanford requires you to send all scores: Ã¢â¬Å"Official scores from all test dates must be sent to Stanford directly from the ACT or the College Board (the reporting agency for the SAT) or both if the applicant has taken the ACT and the SAT. Applicants may not use the College Board's Score Choice feature or "hide" any scores with either testing agency.Ã¢â¬ Yale has a similar policy. However, some schools do allow Score Choice Ã¢â¬â an option that allows you to send only your highest SAT scores. For example, Ã¢â¬Å"You are free to use the College BoardÃ¢â¬â¢s Score Choice option and/or the similar option offered by ACT when applying toHarvard.Ã¢â¬ Princeton and MIT accept Score Choice as well. Action Step Look up your top-choice schools and see if they accept Score Choice or not. If they donÃ¢â¬â¢t, keep in mind retaking the SAT and getting a lower score could affect your chances of admission. Also Consider Subject Tests Another factor to consider is SAT Subject Tests. Many top tier schools either require them or heavily recommend them. Getting high subject test scores will also be important for admission to top schools. If you already have a strong SAT score, it might be worth your time to focus on getting strong SAT subject test scores to round out your application. Bottom Line If your score is above a 2300, you should not worry about retaking the SAT, even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for top schools. One exception is if you have math score below 750 and you are aiming for admission to top engineering schools like MIT or CalTech. If you have a score between 2200-2300, it would make sense to retake the SAT if you are applying to the very top schools. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not applying to top schools, check to see if any merit scholarships at schools you are applying for have SAT cut-offs or averages higher than your score. If not, donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about retaking the SAT, and start working on the rest of your application. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? We mentioned taking SAT subject tests. Learn about what kinds of scores you need for the Ivy League as well as which colleges officially require them. If you decide to go for a retake, definitely read our guide by our 2400 full-scorer about getting a perfect SAT score. These are the principles youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to get to the perfect score. You should also read our complete guide to the New SAT to understand the changes the test will undergo in March 2016. Learn more about SAT percentiles and where you stand based on your current scores. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points?We have the industry's leading SAT prep program. Built by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. Check out our 5-day free trial today:
Saturday, February 29, 2020
The most common thing or if I may say the only thing that people answer when you ask them about Jose Rizal is that he is our national heroÃ¢â¬â idol and he is found in our 1-peso coinÃ¢â¬â icon. Sad to say that, in our modern times today, people have very limited knowledge about our national hero. The facts above are the only two things most of us know about Jose Rizal but for historians and experts; they have so much adjectives to connect with our national hero. Bayaning Third World, a Ã¢â¬Å"detectiveÃ¢â¬ story about Rizal being PhilippineÃ¢â¬â¢s National Hero. Commenting on the movie per se, at first I thought it was some boring documentary about Rizal but understanding the facts exposed made me interested. The film was in black and white but it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t hindered my amusement because of the funny way they presented the most serious facts about Rizal. The movie was easy to understand if you were able to read about his life story or if you have tackled his life in your Filipino or Rizal subject but if not, you may get confused. Good thing, I have read and we have tackled his life in our lectureÃ¢â¬â that helped me follow through the film. This film also highlighted Rizal being a Ã¢â¬Å"PilosopoÃ¢â¬ which reflected the Filipino attitude both in a good and not so good way. They also showed RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s letters and documents which was commonly taken for granted to unveil the truth about his controversies. The movie made it Ã¢â¬Å"viewer-friendlyÃ¢â¬ by face to face interviews with the persons involved and that is why I appreciated RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s significant others behind their names. The main point stressed in this film was RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s Retraction, which involved his marriage to Josephine Bracken and the rumors about her being a spy for the friars. There were many possibilities and speculations brought about in this film, which also made me, think. First point, they said that Rizal died a catholic despite of him being a mason through his signed letter, others said that the letter was real but the signature was forged given the fact that RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s signature was easy to copy. On the other hand, some said that the letter was completely invalid and was just made by the insecure and threatened friars to destroy RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation. Second point, if you would ask me if he really retracted or not, for me, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter because as long as his death gave credence to what he believed, fought for our democracy and his convictions, Retraction really doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make him less of a hero. I believe that Rizal only became a mason because he was against the government, which happened to be the church and vice-versa. He isnÃ¢â¬â¢t against about God and Catholicism per se but in the Ã¢â¬Å"supposedlyÃ¢â¬ instruments of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s love and greatness which were the priests who were ruthless to the Filipino people. Also, he was against the people who sold their religion for wealth and for people who exchanged their religion for power . At the part where in Rizal almost burn the manuscript of Noli Me Tangere made me think that it was a symbol of him letting go of what he strongly believed in connection to him not involved with Ã¢â¬Å"HimagsikanÃ¢â¬ . He became hopeless and I think he became afraid of death, probably, However, since he continued the publishing of Noli Me Tangere, I believe, he gained back his strong convictions regarding our democracy and showed his nationalism and patriotism. I thought what I know about Rizal was enough to understand his life, works and writing but having finished this independent film widened my understanding not only for RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s positive sides but also for his flaws. Jose Rizal being a national hero considering his great influence not only in the Philippines but to other countries he had gone also with his works, the great impact he left with our history as a country and culture as its citizen, his weight to some indigenous religions also has his own flaws and faults because he is also a human being capable of doing those things. Less people know RizalÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"dark sideÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â controversies, I myself was one of those before I watched this film. We were focused on his good side, his achievements and contributions for the betterment of our country but having the chance to know his flaws which until now haunts him, we must understand him and not condone the fact that he was still a human being. Rizal really donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be a hero, he just wanted to prove his great passion and love for our country. Indeed, Rizal chose to die because it was one way to give weight to his beliefs and philosophy. We all have our own Rizal. We have different perceptions and understanding regarding his life, works and writings. As for me, though he is not as Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ as a national hero should be, I still salute and look up to him for his immense contributions and grand legacy which is applicable until now. Despite his imperfection, it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t lessen his heroism. In fact, his controversies made his life more interesting and it only made him more famous not only during his time but now and in the future generations. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t get surprised that many critiqued his life but for me he is still the 3rd world hero of all time. How can we become Rizal in our own little ways? By following simple rules and regulations and by paying the right tax. There are a lot more and it is up to you to think of whatever way it suites you. Let us be a modern-day Rizal to continue his legacy for the future generation. Bayaning Third World is a film of substance. It is very appealing and is highly recommended for other students studying Rizal. It is effective for my learning. Even if our 1-peso coin is in constant devaluing, Rizal still remain number one in our hearts.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Jury Decision-making - Case Study Example After the authenticity of DNA evidence had been proved, many judgements have been overturned and one such famous case is The Case of the Winchester Three, (1990) where three Irish people were sentenced for 25 years of imprisonment for the murder of Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Tom King. Eye witnesses had spotted them in the crime scene and they had money, a second hand car, a radio, a woolly hat, a list of prominent British people and also had false name driving licences. Jury relied on eye witness evidence and any reasonable jury could do so and in this case it eventually proved to be a miscarriage of justice. Even though it was not Actus reus, it was easy to convince the jury. "An eyewitness who has no motive to lie is a powerful form of evidence for jurors, especially if the eyewitness appears to be highly confident about his or her recollection. In the absence of definitive proof to the contrary, the eyewitness's account is generally accepted by police, prosecutors, j udges, and juries" says Wells (2006). Wells and Loftus (1984, p. 1), mention the bewildering case of Robert Dillen, a freelance photographer, who was charged with indecent exposure for relieving himself in the park bushes, after ascertaining that the public lavatory was locked. Unfortunately, his photo was published and identified by many eye witnesses as the man who conducted rape, armed robbery, kidnapping etc. in various cases. Fortunately, his strong alibis and the weakness of eye witnesses convinced the jury otherwise, and he was released every time. This shows that people can feel convinced that they saw the accused and they are absolutely sure that even a lie test fails to point out. Psychological studies have proved that it is possible to convince a person that he has witnessed something that had never happened. A confluence of memory combined with complexly operating socially influential alternatives could be responsible in eye witnessing errors and courts should consider them from every angle. "The eight factors that have been shown to affect identification accuracy, disguise of robber, weapon focus, violence of robbery, retention interval, exposure, to mug shots, biased line-up instructions, line-up size, and fairness of the line-up, had trivial effects on probability ratings and on verdicts" Culter et al (1988). Sometimes eyewitness confidence and accuracy are very poorly related and the memory of the face that could go through changes in the mind of the witness, and this shows that vibrant psychological effects are behind eyewitness evidence. Cultler concludes one of his researches: "This research provides some justification for admitting expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The juror apparently does not evaluate eyewitness memory in a manner consistent with psychological theory and findings." Cutler (1990). In one of his researches, Kassin concludes: "Clearly, participants distinguished between a voluntary and coerced confession. Yet at the same time, the presence of any confession powerfully increased the conviction rate-even when it was seen as coerced, even when